Tanzania has a very complex history, more than we can imagine.
In its history, Tanzania has had many different colonial governments and domains, during which the island of Zanzibar was included in its territory. Tanzania obtained independence in 1961.
The capital city is Dodoma, while Dar El Salaam and Arusha are the other two important commercial and touristic centers.
The total area is 945 000 square kilometers, with a population of around 36 million.
This country has always been an important site, influenced by the Shawili culture, the Arab culture and the Eastern culture. During the colonial time the African’s economy was also deeply linked to Europe.
In the mid 1880s, the German Kaiser began to explore the region, and by 1891 the colony of German East Africa had been created. They imposed a strict and cruel domain which supported slavery.
In 1890, following the campaign to end slave trade in the region, Britain made Pemba and Zanzibar protectorate. This different approach allowed more autonomy to the Sultanate.
During the First World War, this territory was ravaged by civil battles and guerrilla between the two leaders’ factions. In the 1919, the League of Nations formalized the UK control on the area, who was renamed Tanganyika.
The first legislative Council of Tanganyika was established in 1926 in Dar El Salaam, the former capital, which retains most government offices. The indigenous people were not allowed to partecipate until the end of the Second World War.
United Republic of Tanzania
In 1946 Tanganyika became a United Nation Trust Territory, under British administration, a status it kept until its independence in 1961.
Tanganyika became independent from Britain in December 1961 when the English colonists supported Julius Nyerere and his African Nationalist Party.
Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1963, as a constitutional monarchy under its Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah, known as the last Sultan of Zanzibar.
Tanzania is a result of the unification of Tanganyika and Zanzibar island and the word Tanzania comes from a neologism of those two words. Under Nyerere, on the 26th April 1964, they were united, forming the United Republic of Tanzania with its own new Constitution.
Many international issues emerged in the following years, due to the ongoing fight between neighboring dictators, and to some internal tension due to strict decisions of the government. Everything was solved in a democratic way.
The new political developments brought Tanzania to be one of the rare African cases where the political transitions have always been made in a pacific way. Moreover Zanzibar and Tanzania are increasing their tourism, with a positive impact on the Tanzanian economy. To date, the government remains stable, which makes Tanzania one the favorite countries for European and Asian investors.
Many influences, One soul: The Masai.
Masai – also spelled Massai – were originally nomadic and semi-nomadic pastoralists of East Africa. These include the pastoral Masai, who range along the Nilo Valley and around the border between Kenya and Tanzania. The permanent agricultural and farming settlements are still their primary source of livelihood and are now replacing their traditional nomadic life style.